Fungal infection in humans can be due to the overgrowth of beneficial bacteria or excessive amount of bad bacteria in the body. Fungal infections could affect different parts of the body, particularly the ones that are moist and warm, such as the genitals, skin folds, mouth and intestines. The symptoms of a fungal infection may vary depending on type of infection. Nevertheless, in certain cases, Candida species are the ones responsible for infections within the human body. Fungal infections due to Candida albicans is known as candidiasis or yeast infection, and the most prevalent type of infection are oral thrush and vaginal yeast infection and one of the most prevalent symptoms is the presence of yeast infection discharge. Although this is rare, men who are inflicted with penile yeast infection can also experience a discharge due to yeast infection.
Normal Vaginal Discharge
Discharge from the vagina is a normal occurrence in women, since the uterine and cervix walls have glands that produce a certain amount of fluid that would help maintain the cleanliness of the vagina and eliminate dead cells from it. In normal women, this discharge may appear clear or milky and does not come with a bad odor. This type of discharge normally appear when a woman is breastfeeding or during the process of ovulation. Changes in normal discharges from the vagina, on the other hand, can be due to various factors like low nutrition, sexual arousal, and consumption of certain medications, pregnancy and intake of birth control pills. In case the amount of discharge has increased, and changes in consistency and color are present, along with pain in the area and burning and itching sensation, these can be an indication that infection is present within the vaginal area. One condition that can cause changes in vaginal discharge is vaginal yeast infection and this condition is very common among women.
Yeast Infection Discharge
In the case of a vaginal yeast infection, the culprit is the overgrowth of Candida albicans and the condition is also referred to as vaginal candidiasis. The most common symptoms of the condition include soreness, itching, painful urination and painful sexual intercourse. Aside from these symptoms, infected females may experience having yeast infection discharge as well. This is characterized by thick and white discharge that may appear like cottage cheese.
The color of the discharge can be anywhere between white and light yellow. Aside from that, the discharge can also be smelly and somehow resembles the smell of beer or a baker’s yeast. The presence of a dark yellow or a greenish discharge is usually associated with bacterial vaginosis and this condition can be passed on to a male partner. In case a man contracted yeast infection, this is known as penile yeast infection. Male yeast infection symptoms include a burning or itching sensation on the penis and a painful sexual intercourse. The tip or dome of the penis may also appear red and start to develop rashes or blisters. Although rare, discharge may occur as well and this usually appears white and clumpy.
Discharges due to yeast infection and other associated symptoms can be easily treated using antifungal medications that usually include ointments and creams that can be used topically. Oral medications can also be prescribed for the treatment of the condition. However, the infection can be controlled and prevented by following safety measures and certain lifestyle changes. If you can follow these safety measures, then you can easily protect yourself from this type of infection.
When dealing with yeast infection, maintaining proper personal hygiene is necessary. One thing that you should bear in mind is to avoid putting on wet or damp clothes, as this can cause irritation and trigger infection, particularly in the area of the vagina or the penis. It is also necessary to refrain from engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse, especially with an unknown partner. However, you should know that although yeast infection can be sexually transmitted, it is still not considered as an STD.
Another way to deal with the symptoms of yeast infection is to avoid consuming immunosuppressive drugs or antibiotics. Take note that antibiotics are helpful in killing harmful bacteria within the body, but there are times that the medication attack beneficial bacteria as well, thus giving yeast a chance to grow and multiply, and trigger an infection. So as much as possible, avoid regular consumption of these antibiotics, as you can also opt for herbal remedies against infections.
Women who are afflicted with certain medical conditions like HIV/AIDS or diabetes are susceptible to developing yeast infection as well. Once you notice an abnormal discharge coming from your vagina or any other symptoms related to vaginal yeast infection, it is necessary to consult your physician immediately. Your physician will conduct a yeast infection test to determine the underlying condition that triggers the infection and administer the most suitable treatment that is focused on the trigger factor to help cure the problem.