System yeast infection is often due to the overgrowth of Candida albicans within the body, thus resulting to yeast infection. This condition is also referred to as systemic candidiasis. The infection starts once the fungus has invaded the blood stream and affects the urinary tract and the liver. The infection also occurs in three levels: occasional, chronic and system infection. Systemic infection is usually extreme and hard to discover during its early stage. In this condition, the Candida fungus will start attacking body organs and the wellbeing of the individual depends on the severity of the infection.
The single reason for the condition cannot be easily determined. Factors like eating disorders, weak immune system, white blood cell deficiency, irregular lifestyle and negligence during an early infection are some of the most common causes of it. Aside from these, external factors can be considered as culprit for the condition as well, and this includes wearing tight clothes, yeast feeding foods, daily stress, various antibiotics and contraceptive pills. The moist areas of the body favor the growth of the fungus including the mouth, vagina and the intestines. Systemic yeast infection can also be considered dangerous, as it can spread quickly and affect the entire body.
Aside from knowing the causes of yeast infection, it is also necessary to familiarize yourself with the risk factors associated with it.
- Dermatological – intertrigo or chafing, hives, eczema and acne
- Gastrointestinal – oral thrush, diarrhea, IBD or inflammatory bowel disease, flatulence, constipation, food sensitivities and rectal itching
- Genitourinary – yeast infections like vaginitis, premenstrual and menstrual conditions, bladder inflammation, cystitis and chronic urinary tract infection
- Autoimmune – scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, myasthenia gravis, arthritis and multiple sclerosis
- Psychological – memory loss, confusion, lack of concentration, irritability, learning disability, depression, insomnia and short attention span
- General – fatigue, lethargy, migraine, weakness, hypoglycemia, dizziness, muscle pain, respiratory problems, sensory disturbances and chemical sensitivities
The symptoms of yeast infection may vary depending on the area of infection.
- Skin – reddish white patches, itching, inflammation of the affected area, weeping sores, rashes or diaper rash
- Esophagus – heartburn, pain when swallowing and sore throat
- Oral cavity – sore and painful mucous membranes, thrush, white coating on the tongue, bad breath, cracked corners of the mouth
- Intestines – gas, bloating, indigestion, diarrhea and sweet cravings
- Anus – extreme itching, soreness and weeping
- Urinary tract – pain on the bladder area, frequent and painful urination, and rare bleeding while urinating
- Genitalia – Dysuria, itching, whitish discharge, inflamed mucous membrane, painful sexual intercourse and urethral discharge in males
Other general symptoms of systemic yeast infection may include irritability, moodiness, poor concentration and fatigue.
There are blood and tissue tests that can be carried out to diagnose the condition. An analysis of the samples obtained from the patient can also be conducted. Another method that can be used is light microscopy wherein a fragment from the infected area is observed using a microscope. Culturing is another useful method. This is when a sterile swab is used on the affected surface. The culture will then be incubated in normal body temperature to allow the yeast to develop. The visible characteristics, for example the color of the developed colony, can be used as a main tool to identify the kind of infection that affected the individual, as well as its severity. The last two methods mentioned are the most commonly used methods for the diagnosis of the condition.
This type of infection is not responsive to antibiotics. That is why it is essential to plan the treatment procedure properly. The procedure includes the administration of an oral yeast infection medication that will be active for the entire system and a topical medication that will be focused on the affected area. The most commonly used topical medications include clotrimazole, econazole, Miconazole, amphotericin B suspension and ketoconazole. Ointments, mouth rinses, lozenges and creams are usually prescribed depending on the location and the severity of the infection. Systemic therapy can be applied in case recurring traces of the condition are found.
The easiest treatment for this type of yeast infection is to prevent it from recurring. One best solution is to plan a diet for the condition. The infection can great affect the pH level in the body and so it is necessary for the infected individual to follow a sugar-free diet in order to control it. Individuals who are already infected should totally exclude sugary products from their diet. Yeast feeds on carbohydrates, meaning heavy intake of probiotics is of utmost importance. Low amount
of protein should be consumed and high-protein foods should be excluded from the diet.
However, before making any changes in the diet, consulting a physician is necessary. As several things have to be avoided in order to prevent the infection, the risk of acquiring an infection will be higher. Nonetheless, timely and proper diagnosis of the condition is the best yeast infection cures, along with a strict diet plan and proper medical help.